Glossary of Terms and Acronyms

Term or Acronym Description
3GPP Originally the Third Generation standards body; now for 5G. More
ABAC APEC Business Advisory Council
ABTC ASEAN Business Travel Card
ACN Anti-Corruption Network. A private-sector body. Former name (up to 2012) of Anti-Corruption Organisation of Thailand (ACT), see ACT. More
ACT Anti Corruption Organisation of Thailand, a Foundation from 2014. Formerly ACN. More
ADSL Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (see also DSL); a lower speed broadband technology using copper wires. xDSL indicates variants
AEC ASEAN Economic Community
AFAS ASEAN Framework Agreement on Services
Agile A mode of project management including software development where requirements change continually to fit the result and options at the end of each stage. Contrast 'waterfall' where all requirements are stated up front and any changes are formal variations. More and more
AIC Asia Internet Coalition
AMS ASEAN Member State
APEC Asia Pacific Economic Co-operation; a forum for 21 Pacific-rim member economies that seeks to promote open trade and practical economic cooperation. Established 1989. More and More
ASEAN Association of Southeast Asian Nations
ASEAN CSAP Consolidated Strategic Action Plan (part of the AEC 2025 Blueprint)
ASOCIO Asian-Oceanian Computing Industry Organisation (regional grouping - ATCI is Thailand member)
ASW ASEAN Single Window (for customs)
ATCI Association of Thai ICT Industry (formerly called Association of Thai Computer Industry)
ATIGA ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement
ATISA ASEAN Trade in Services Agreement; post-dates AFAS
ATR ASEAN Trade Repository
ATSI Association of Thai Software Industry
B2B Business to Business – an eCommerce term
B2C Business to Consumer – an eCommerce term; see also G2C
BE Buddhist Era; calendar used for Thai dates which is typically 543 years more than the Gregorian calendar, using AD (Anno Domini -the year of our Lord, referring to the birth of Christ). eg AD 2017 = BE 2560.
BMA Bangkok Metropolitan Administration
Bogor Goals APEC goals for trade and investment liberalization which were defined at the APEC Leaders’ Meeting in Bogor, Indonesia in 1994. They are the basis of Business Mobility which underpins the ABTC. More
BOI Board of Investment
BoI Bureau of Immigration
BoT Bank of Thailand; (more commonly than Board of Trade)
BOT Build - Operate - Transfer. Most commonly a way of creating and running concession-era hard infrastructure in the telecoms sector in Thailand.
BSA Business Software Alliance
BTO Build-Transfer-Operate (see also BOT)
CAC Collective Action Coalition Against Corruption, a private sector project of Thai IoD which acts as the secretariat. More See also ACT.
CCA Computer Crimes Act 2007 amended 2017
CCM Creative Chiang Mai - previously Chiang Mai Creative City Development organization.
CDN Content Delivery Network
CHE Commission of Higher Education
Competency Framework A structure for classifying and describing skills, often based on an industry or sector.
CPTPP Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership; also known as TPP11.
CSF Critical Success Factor
CTS Council for Trade in Services. The discussion and disputes resolution body of GATS, based in Geneva.
Data Localisation The requirement that data must be maintained (hosted) in one national jurisdiction and not sent across borders, or even kept on-premises. Justification is about sensitive medical or financial information and may be on nationalistic grounds. More
DB 'Doing Business' term used by World Bank for the ease of doing business rankings relying on ten criteria.
DBD Department of Business Development in MoC
DoE Department of Employment (in MoL)
DEPA Digital Economy Promotion Agency
DFT Department of Foreign Trade, in MoC
Digitisation or Digitalisation. The process of reform whereby an organization goes digital, meaning it is transformed to support data collection, analysis and application; revised business processes and automation. A key part of Industry 4.0
DIP Department of Intellectual Property, in MOC
DITP Department of International Trade Promotion in MoC
DLA Department of Local Administration
DSL Digital subscriber line (variants include VDSL, ADSL; generically xDSL)
EABC European Association for Business and Commerce (like a 'Eurocham Thailand'); a Trade Association
EAEU Eurasian Economic Union; so far with five member states
EC European Council sets the general political directions and priorities of the EU through heads of government as Council members; European Commission is an executive cabinet of public officials, led by an indirectly elected President. EC more commonly refers to the European Commission
EDTA Electronic Transactions Development Agency
EEC Eastern Economic Corridor, a special regime zone located in the Eastern Seaboard
EGA Electronic Government Agency
EGAT Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand
ETDA Electronic Transactions Development Agency
ETSI European standards body for telecommunications. More here
EU European Union -political and economic confederation of 28 European states.
EUABC EU-ASEAN Business Council, mainly dominated by large companies rather than by regional 'Eurocham' members
EUD Delegation of the EU
FBA Foreign Business Act AD 1999 BE 2542
FDI Foreign Direct Investment
FDN Foreign Dominance Notification (revised and re-issued in 2012 by NBTC)
FEA Foreign Employment Act AD 2008. Defines 'work' in s. 5. Replaced by a labour Decree which can into effect on 23 June 2017, where subsequently the coming into force of four sections was deferred to January 2018 via a s.44 order.
FEL Foreign Equity Limits
FTA Free Trade Agreement
FTI Federation of Thai Industries
FTTH Fibre-to-the-home
FTTN Fibre-to-the-node
FTTP Fibre-to-the-premises
G2C Government to Citizen. An on-line term
G2G Government to Government. An on-line term for intra-government interaction a digital subscriber line (DSL) protocol for local loops shorter than 500 m, with performance targets around 500 Mbps Giga home networking with data rates around 1 Gbps. An ITU-T standard under the G.9963 standard
GATS General Agreement on Trade in Services. Four Modes of service trade
GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
G-DSL Same as but introduced in Thailand at TOT in 2017 as G-DSL (Gigabit over cobber wire, coaxial cables or power lines)
GDPR General Data Protection Regulation entering into force May 2018. Replaces the Data Protection Directive 95/46/EC. Designed to harmonize data privacy laws across Europe. More
GMS Greater Mekong Subregion
GSM Global System for Mobiles
GSMA GMS Association - GSM based industry association for mobile operators
GSP Generalised System of Preferences. A programme of preferences on tariffs which developed countries grant developing countries; developing countries can export some specific industrial and semi-industrial products into developed countries with a much lower level of tariffs than for developed countries.
HetNet Heterogeneous Network - eg WiFi + LTE
HSPA High Speed Packet Access (a mobile cellular multiplexing standard)
ICSID International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, a World Bank body established 1966. Main activity: private investor: foreign investor state. Of 166 signatories, Thailand is one of only 8 non members. More
IEAT Industrial Estate Authority of Thailand
IEEE US based standards body, publishing standards for WiFi for example (802.11)
Industrie 4.0 / Industry 4.0 Connected, intelligent industry. More: intelligent, networked systems: previously separated production environments are combined to produce universal production worlds, which are partly of a physical nature, and partly attain a new functionality in the cyber space of web connectivity. (from Beckhoff). See also Thailand 4.0
IoT Internet of Things
IPR Intellectual Property Rights
IPTV Internet Protocol Television; distribution of video programming (one way) by means of the Internet Protocol.
ISACA Information Systems Audit & Control Ass'n (has a Bangkok chapter)
ITA IT Agreement, a WTO agreement most recently done in 2015 with updates through 2017
ITGI IT Governance Institute
ITIL IT Infrastructure Library
ITSMF IT Service Management Forum
ITSS IT Skill Standards for IT Professionals
ITU International Telecommunications Union (UN agency)
JETRO Japan Regional Trade Organisation. More here
JSCCIB Joint Standing Committee on Commerce, Industry and Banking, comprising the Thai Bankers Association, Board of Trade and FTI.
KPI Key Performance Indicator
KWh Kilowatt hours, A measure of electricity consumption - I,000 watts used for one hour.
LFA Licence Facilitation Act
LTE Long Term Evolution - the '4G' standard in the GSM world
M Industry Ministry of Industry
M2M Machine-to-machine
MB, GB MegaBytes, GigaBytes (a size)
Mbps Mega bits per second (a speed or rate of data flow)
MDES Ministry of Digital Economy & Society, successor to MICT. Sometimes called 'DE'
MEA Metropolitan Electricity Authority
MFA Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
MHz, GHz Typically used to refer to wavelengths or parts of the spectrum. Hz = hertz (frequency). Mega, Giga.
MICT Ministry of Information and Communications Technology, succeeded by MDES.
MNO Mobile Network Operator
MoC Ministry of Commerce; with more Departments than most Ministries. Departments/Agenices
MoE Ministry of Education
MoF Ministry of Finance
MoI Ministry of the Interior
MoL Ministry of Labour
MoT Ministry of Tourism
MoU Minutes of Use (used in telecoms); Memorandum of Understanding
Mpbs per MHz A measure of spectral efficiency - speed per amount of bandwidth available.
MRA Mutual Recognition Arrangement, an AEC instrument for recognition of skills in about eight professions or callings.
MSM Multi-stakeholder model, a form of internet governance which recognises civil society, business, government.
MSME Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises. See also SME
MVNA Mobile Virtual Network Aggregator
MVNE Mobile Virtual Network Enabler
MVNO Mobile Virtual Network Operator
MWh Megawatt hours. A measure of electricity consumption.
NACC National Anti-Corruption Commission
NBH National Broadband Holding Co. Holding company which is planned to administer Thailand's rural (and possibly wider) broadband policy
NBN National Broadband Network; a generic term in many countries (and specific in some - eg Australia)
NBTC National Broadcasting and Telecommunications Commission
NCCC National Counter Corruption Commission (former name of NACC, changed in 2008)
NCPO National Council for Peace and Order (military junta)
NECTEC National Electronics and Computer Technology Centre
NESDB National Economic and Social Development Board
NewTech Generic term; refers to areas of newer application-based technology for enterprise or consumer use, including FinTech (finance and banking services applications); RegTech (using technology to facilitate delivery of regulatory requirements); MediTech (medical technology); EduTech etc.
NLA National Legislative Assembly (current unicameral parliament)
Notification A subordinate law, made under an Act or Decree; can also refer to an interpretation of a law.
NRC National Reform Council
NRSA National Reform Steering Assembly, an organ of the NCPO More
NSTDA National Science & Technology Development Agency
NSW National Single Window (for customs)
NTB Non Tariff Barrier
NTC National Telecommunications Commission, the predecessor to the NBTC; in operation 2004 to 2011. Its sister body NBC (National Broadcasting Commission) was never formed. The 2007 constitution required a 'merged' regulator, hence the NBTC.
NTMs Non-Tariff Measures
OPC Unified Architecture (OPC UA) a machine to machine communication protocol for industrial automation developed by the OPC Foundation. More and more
OPDC Office of Public Sector Development Commission
OSMEP Office of SME Promotion, a statutory authority
OSOS One Start One Stop Investment Centre, a BOI run facility More
OTT Over-The-Top; delivery of content over a network without the involvement of a multiple-system operator in the control or distribution of the content; content rides on a network provided on an open basis by network operator. Some argue that OTT operators unfairly use data network capacity without compensating network operator.
P2P Computing or networking via a distributed application architecture which partitions tasks or workloads between peers. Peers are equally privileged, equipotent participants in the application
P2P lending Lending money to individuals or businesses through online services that match lenders with borrowers (Peer to Peer)
PACC Public Sector Anti-Corruption Commission
PATA Pacific Asia Travel Association
PCA Pattaya City Administration
PEA Provincial Electricity Authority
PPP Public Private Partnership - based on a law of the same name.
PPP Purchasing Power Parity (a GDP adjustment for per capita GDP).
RCEP Regional Comprehensive and Economic Partnership. 16 participants. More
ROO Rules of Origin (for trade in goods, and customs)
Rule of Law The concept that Laws enacted by a recognized process, as part of a system of law, rule over all other means of power and control. More and More. 'Law and Order' is a different concept.
s.44 A provision of the interim charter allowing the NCPO to make orders which have the status of law. Although the interim charter is succeeded by the 2017 Constitution, s. 265 of the Constitution allows for continued use of s.44.
SAP SMED ASEAN Strategic Action Plan for SME Development More. See also SME and MSME
SIPA Software Industry Promotion Agency, under MICT. Now reconstituted as Digital Economy Development Agency (DEPA) under MDES.
SOE State-Owned Enterprise
SME Small and Medium Enterprises
SPA Asia Oceania Regional Software Park Alliance
Spectral Efficiency The capacity of a defined amount of bandwidth to support data throughput – usually measured in Mbps per MHz of bandwidth. Depends on the multiplexing process which has various standards.
STC Strategic Talent Centre BOI promotion for Skills, Technology, Industry
STI National Science Technology and Innovation Policy Office More
TAA Trade Associations Act, governs the form of organization known as an Association or Trade Association
TAT Tourism Authority of Thailand
TBA Telecom Business Act (amended in 2006)
TCA Trade Competition Act AD 1999, BE 2542; amended 2017
TCC Thai Chamber of Commerce (one of constituent bodies Board of Trade)
TCEB Thailand Convention and Exhibition Bureau (under PMs office)
TCT Tourism Council of Thailand (combination of THA, ATTA, Thai Inter, TAT and several other industry bodies under the Tourism Act)
TCT [sic] Telecom Association of Thailand
TDRI Thailand Development Research Institute
TELMIN An ASEAN body; Telecommunications Ministers Meeting
TELSOM An ASEAN body; Telecommunications Senior Officials meeting
TFA Trade Facilitation Agreement, a WTO agreement. (There is no Investment Facilitation Agreement in WTO, some states argue that investment is a bilateral matter). More
Thai IOD Thailand Institute of Directors More
Thailand 4.0 A national vision based on the assumptions and principles of Industry 4.0
TICA Thai Incentive and Convention Association
TISA Thailand Information Security Association. More
TiSA Plurilateral Trade in Services Agreement; made outside GATS
TPP11 Trans-Pacific Partnership without the US; also known as Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP).
TRIDI Telecommunications Research and Industrial Development Institute (part of NBTC))
TRIPS WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights
USF Universal Service Fund
USO Universal Service Obligation
VAT Value Added Tax. Levied on wholesale and retail sales (check definition). Currently at 7%
WHT Withholding Tax - levied on income; rate varies depending on application More
WTO World Trade Organization

Royal Thai Government

Top level organisations are Ministries. Within Ministries are Departments and Agencies.

Examples: Ministry of Commerce has several Departments including DBD (Department of Business Development);

Some Exceptions:

Board of Investment is a statutory agency established by the Investment Promotion Act (IPA). It is in the OPM (Office of Prime Minister).

Bureau of Immigration is a Bureau of the Royal Thai Police.